For young patients of reproductive age, preservation of fertility may be an important but sometimes overlooked issue. The majority of nontargeted (i.e. traditional) chemotherapy agents, as well as radiation therapy to the abdomen or pelvis, can lead to infertility. Sperm or egg banking are important considerations for young patients who have not yet started or are not yet finished having children. Fertility clinics can often offer assistance to patients wishing to perform banking. It is important to realize that banking should be performed prior to the initiation of chemotherapy or radiation therapy. While modern fertility techniques have been successful in retrieving eggs or sperm in patients who already received chemotherapy or radiation therapy, the success rates of achieving pregnancy will be higher if banking is performed prior to the initiation of chemotherapy or radiation therapy.